チームの作り方: チームを成功させるための4つのポイント


A good team is essential to the success of any project. A good team is goal driven, momentum creating, self-regulating and positive. Everyone can agree that a good team leads to good results - but how do you build a good team? There are four main things you need to consider, and they are:
1. Setting (the right) goals
2. Bringing (the right) people together
3. Giving support
4. Encouraging connection

Please read on below to find out how you can create more successful teams for any project or department.


  1. Setting (the right) goal


人々をまとめる前に、一番大事なことは目標の設定することです。本当に達成したいことはなんですか?どのような結果が必要かを検討し、ゴールからさかのぼって考えてみましょう。SMARTのゴールというものを聞いたことはあるでしょうか。SMARTのは、英語で:Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-based。翻訳すると、「明確、測定可能、達成可能、関連、期限付き」になります。最初にこれらを考えると、目標を達成できるチームを作れます。

The most important factor at the beginning of any project, before bringing the team together, is setting the right goal. What do you really want to achieve? Consider what effect you want and work backwards. I’m sure you’ve heard of SMART goals before – Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-based. Taking these things into account when setting your goals will ensure you can create the right team to reach your target.



Don’t be shy about consulting with “experts”, either. There are people in the areas you are trying to reach who can help, whether they are experienced people from inside your company, or professionals you can rely on for specific advice. Once you’ve clearly defined your goal, you’ll know what kind of people you actually need and you can move on to the next step.


  1. Bringing your team together



Now that you have decided on a clear goal, you can start bringing together your team. Once again, consider your goal. What is the most important part of your goal? Now, consider what skills you need to achieve that goal. These skills can be technical, such as website development or financial planning. However, they may also be “soft skills” such as relationship building, public speaking or customer engagement. Once you know what skills are important, make a list of people who fulfil the requirements. If there are any important skills that you can’t find people for, consider whether those skills are trainable – and if they aren’t (at least within your timeframe), whether you need to look outside of your organization to find someone.



Once you know who is available, you can narrow down the list by taking into account previous work experience, technical and/or soft skills as well as personalities. Some skills may overlap, but each person should be brought to the team for a specific reason that will help achieve the goal.



Once this is decided, bring your team together.



  1. Giving support


優れたチームを構築することは、チームを1つにまとめた後も改善し続けます。 優れたチームでさえ、自分の仕事に適したツールが必要です。

Building a great team doesn’t stop once you’ve brought them together. Even a great team needs to have tools suitable to their task.



Firstly, decide how they will be working (in fact, you may even want to do this before you decide on your team members). These days, many teams are completely remote and use online platforms to work together. They may never meet in person. If that is the case for your team, decide which platforms you will be using to ensure everyone can access them.



If you have a more traditional team that will be conducting some or most of their work face to face, also take that into account. Will they need special accommodations – such as extra-large tables or specific software – to reach the goal? Will they need outside training, or access to interdepartmental resources? If so, consider how you will address those needs so that they can meet the goal. Some examples may include allowing the team to set aside meeting rooms on a regular basis for working, or re-arranging workflows to ensure the team can meet at convenient times.



Support does not only cover materials, however. Ensure that you are available as a professional relationship coordinator as well, especially in the crucial beginning stages of a team. As everyone settles in their roles, miscommunications and problems may be inevitable. Reiterate your goals and the reasons behind your choices of team members. Make it clear that the goal is important and that being chosen to work on the team is a privilege afforded to them due to their unique combination of skills and experiences. By showing respect for the members of the team, you’ll encourage them to respect each other as well. By supporting the team through this settling state, you’ll be helping to build the strong foundations that will carry the team to success.



Most people like working together with people they trust and get along well with. Human beings are social by nature, and we carry that sociability with us in all aspects of our lives to varying degrees. Of course, not everyone is outgoing and extraverted, but it largely holds true that teams that get along well experience fewer difficulties in achieving their goals.



If the team that you are creating has people from a shared background (such as the same department or previous team), then the chances that they will work together well is increased. However, if you are creating a new team where people are largely unfamiliar with each other, or even if you are only adding a few new members, ensure that you take the time to encourage your team to get to know each other. This can be in whatever form best suits you and your team, as each team will be different. A remote team using IM software such as Teams or Slack may enjoy a separate “fun” chat to their typical work chat. Other teams may do something as simple as a quick check-in with each other during meetings before getting into work. Still other teams may enjoy eating lunch together or meeting up occasionally outside of work to socialize and relax (which can also be done remotely!).




Whatever format your team bonding takes, encourage all members to participate to the degree there are comfortable with. This will help build trust between people on a personal level.





Building a great team is not easy, but it does not have to be hard, either. If you clearly determine your desired outcome and create SMART goals, you have the best start to making a great team. In general, people are more willing to work hard for people they care about and trust than people who are more peripheral to their lives, so encourage your team to communicate well and often. If you consider people’s skills, backgrounds and personalities, as well as ensure that the goal is clearly understood, you can be sure it will lead to a successful, self-driving team that you can be proud of.